By Dee McLachlan
This was published in npr.org (July 2010):
“…the hydrogen bomb… literally created an artificial extension of the Van Allen belts that could be seen across the Pacific Ocean, from Hawaii to New Zealand. In Honolulu, the explosions were front page news. ‘N-Blast Tonight May Be Dazzling: Good View Likely,’ said the Honolulu Advertiser. Hotels held what they called ‘Rainbow Bomb Parties’ on rooftops and verandas. When the bomb burst, people told of blackouts and strange electrical malfunctions, like garage doors opening and closing on their own. But the big show was in the sky.”
When G5 wrote to me the other day with the article about space, it included a paragraph about Operation Starfish and the Ozone layer. Well I was blown away. I’ve always thought that the Military Industrial Complex is on a dangerous path with weapons testing, but learning about the atmospheric nuclear testing proves, to me, that we need urgently to shut them all down. Such people are leading us towards extinction.
To recap G5:
“Operation Starfish had America detonate nuclear devices in the Ionosphere, in a belief that The Van Allen Belts could be blown away — like attempting to blow dust in the air… The result, of course, was blowing a hole in The Ozone Layer, which takes centuries to replace. It was blamed on CFCs. From one American-driven stupidity to the next.”
I had always wondered why the hole was down over the Southern Hemisphere, when most of the fridges, spewing out CFC’s, were up in the Northern Hemisphere.
Atmospheric Nuclear Tests, Starfish Prime
The US completed six high-altitude nuclear tests in 1958 (Operation Fishbowl), and then decided to do more. They wanted to investigate the electromagnetic pulse generated, and the auroras associated with high-altitude nuclear explosions. Supposedly (think Congressional funding) they needed to understand better blackout of radio communication, or if the Van Allen belts would move a blast down the bands to an earthly target (e.g. Moscow!).
So, on July 9, 1962, Americans conducted a big one — the high-altitude nuclear test code-named Starfish Prime. It was said to be a joint effort of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and the Defense Atomic Support Agency. I (reluctantly) quote from Wikipedia:
“It was the largest nuclear test conducted in outer space… A Thor rocket carrying a W49 thermonuclear warhead and a Mk. 2 re-entry vehicle was launched from Johnston Island in the Pacific Ocean, about 1,450 kilometres (900 mi) west-southwest of Hawaii. The explosion took place at an altitude of 250 miles (400 km)… produced a yield equivalent to 1.4 megatonnes of TNT.”
This is allegedly just one of over 300 atmospheric tests.
CFCs and the Ozone
When you Google “What caused the hole in the Ozone?”, you get this answer:
“What are the causes of ozone depletion? When CFCs reach the upper atmosphere they are first degraded by the very high energy of UV (ultra-violet) radiation. Degradation of CFC leaves a free chlorine atom. The basic cause of ozone layer depletion is that this chlorine atom then breaks up ozone molecules. Ozone then disappears.”
We all fell for it, at least I did.
Chlorofluorocarbons and ozone
This is on NASA’s Ozone Watch site:
“CFCs escape into the atmosphere from refrigeration and propellant devices and processes. In the lower atmosphere, they are so stable that they persist for years, even decades. This long lifetime allows some of the CFCs to eventually reach the stratosphere. In the stratosphere, ultraviolet light breaks the bond holding chlorine atoms (Cl) to the CFC molecule. A free chlorine atom goes on to participate in a series of chemical reactions that both destroy ozone and return the free chlorine atom to the atmosphere unchanged, where it can destroy more and more ozone molecules.”
They continue to explain the hole over the Antarctic.
“…in the long months of polar darkness over Antarctica in the winter, atmospheric conditions are unusual. An endlessly circling whirlpool of stratospheric winds called the polar vortex isolates the air in the center. Because it is completely dark, the air in the vortex gets so cold that clouds form, even though the Antarctic air is extremely thin and dry. Chemical reactions take place that could not take place anywhere else…”
I have no idea whether that’s true, and this is making me very nervous as to the ease with which NASA can give us a “story.”
The Reckless Mindset
Well if you want to figure out how something works, why not just blow sh*t up, and see what rains down? That’s what we did as eight-year-old kids — put firecrackers under empty cans and see how high they’d go.
The Soviet Project K nuclear tests were done over central Kazakhstan during the day to avoid eye-burn damage to the population. But these explosions, and the American ones, which done at night, created the greatest light shows ever witnessed. What did they think might happen or go wrong?
Please – these people are insane.
Several years ago, a scientist based in Punakaiki (on NZ’s west coast) had come up with a theory that Starfish Prime (one of the 1962 US experiments mentioned above) had caused the hole in the ozone layer.
He witnessed the 1962 blast from Westport, New Zealand, when he was 12. He saw a huge ball of light with rays coming out of it in the sky to the north. In greensagainstnuclearpower, he says:
“The light show was something unearthly and huge. For fun some weeks before, I had read Revelations, so I was shocked to see the moon glowing red in the now pink rays of light expanding from the central ball of golden light.”
He said the rays got brighter and faded after 30 minutes. He only heard later on the radio and the announcer said some people on the West Coast had witnessed the test. Was this Starfish — all the way from Johnson Island, or another test?
He joined the dots in the 1980s after reading Earth’s Aura – a layman’s guide to the atmosphere. Author Louise B Young discussed the destructive effects atmospheric nuclear testing could have on ozone. Hartley believes the global warming phenomena is probably connected to ozone depletion — yet fingers are pointing to fossil fuels.
Typical. Leaders and governments destroy something, then blame it on the rabble.
Although the ozone hole was initially above the Pacific it migrated slowly down to its present position over Antarctica.
In South Africa, we were sun and surf kids, and I recall when I arrived in Australia in the 90s, I literally felt my skin sizzling. I blamed my fridge then.
The theory I am reporting here is that when the nuclear bombs were detonated, the powerful light activated the massive release of chlorine, creating a gigantic hole in the ozone.
I wish to contact Dane Dane Wigington from Geoengineering Watch, for his opinion. He writes:
“We have known for some time that the UV levels were getting rapidly worse due to the ongoing atmospheric spraying. Anyone that is even slightly awake and aware has noticed that the sun feels incredibly intense on the skin. Most varieties of plant life are showing at least some signs of stress in most areas. In many regions, whole forests are in steep decline. And it’s getting worse by the day.”
Wigington says that high UV exposure to plants,
“Can stop sprouting of seeds, Stunts growth, Reduced foliage, Effects photosynthesis… [and] All aquatic life is particularly vulnerable to high UV levels.”
The powers that be that have experimented on our fragile planet. I’m sure they realize they screwed up — big time, potentially threatening our future survival on the planet.
Are they desperately, and secretively trying to correct this disaster by atmospheric spraying (chemtrails) to cover-up a giant man-made, military-made blunder?
Paris, Prayers, and Antacids
This was written up in Science Alert in December, 2016. In an article entitled, “New Light-Reflecting Particles in The Stratosphere Could Cool Earth And Fix The Ozone Layer,” Peter Dockrill writes (now a linking error):
“Honouring the commitments made at last year’s historic Paris climate deal will take a huge international effort to lower carbon emissions – but scientists say there’s another way we can help reduce rising global temperatures at the same time.
“In a process called solar geoengineering, light-reflecting particles could be introduced into Earth’s stratosphere to bounce the Sun’s rays back into space and keep the planet cooler. [Hasn’t this been going on for long time Peter?]… Solar geoengineering usually refers to dispersing sulphate aerosols (sulphur-rich particles) into the stratosphere. but they produce sulphuric acid in the stratosphere, which damages the ozone layer.
“Light-reflecting particles be introduced?” Oh-oh, are they trying to justify, and condition us to, the “spraying” that is going on? .
Dockrill’s article continues:
“…after extensive simulations, they [atmospheric scientist Frank Keutsch] discovered that calcite – a constituent of limestone… ‘we ended up with an antacid for the stratosphere,’ [says Keutsch, and]… ‘The primary purpose is that they are a base and react with strong acids in the stratosphere – it makes salt, which would rain out. That would reverse the problem of the ozone hole’… While that might be good for the ozone in the atmosphere, we don’t know what the environmental effect of salty rain would be on oceans and soil.”
Is the damage caused by these blasts the big climate lie? We need to have honest science — and we need to punish those that are threatening our existence on this planet.
Immediately we need to start pointing fingers in the right direction.
Come on, decent scientists, start pointing.